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Childhood trauma and the role of self-blame on psychological well-being after deployment in male veterans

© 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Background: Childhood trauma and combat-related trauma are both associated with decreased psychosocial functioning. Coping strategies play an …

Comparison of logistic-regression based methods for simple mediation analysis with a dichotomous outcome variable

© 2019 The Author(s). Background: Logistic regression is often used for mediation analysis with a dichotomous outcome. However, previous studies showed that the indirect effect and proportion mediated are often affected by a change of scales in …

Development of Prediction Models for Sick Leave Due to Musculoskeletal Disorders

© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Purpose The aim of this study was to develop prediction models to determine the risk of sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in non-sick listed employees and to …

Educational inequalities in the impact of chronic diseases on exit from paid employment among older workers: A 7-year prospective study in the Netherlands

© © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ. Objectives The study aimed to investigate the relative and absolute risks of early exit from paid employment among older workers with a chronic disease, and to …

Self-reported adverse childhood experiences and quality of life among children in the two last grades of Dutch elementary education

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Background: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) may have a life-long impact on mental health and are related to physical disease, such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. Research on ACEs suffers from recall …

Biological profiling of plasma neuropeptide Y in relation to posttraumatic stress symptoms in two combat cohorts

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. In order to decrease the risk of developing stress-related disorders after military deployment, biological vulnerability factors should be identified. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a peptide neurotransmitter that is associated with …

Interrater and intrarater agreement of confocal microscopy imaging in diagnosing and subtyping basal cell carcinoma

© 2018 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. Background: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging can be used to diagnose and subtype basal cell carcinoma (BCC) but relies on individual morphologic pattern recognition that might vary …

Passive imputation and parcel summaries are both valid to handle missing items in studies with many multi-item scales

© 2016, © The Author(s) 2016. Previous studies showed that missing data in multi-item scales can best be handled by multiple imputation of item scores. However, when many scales are used, the number of items will become too large for the imputation …

Specific agreement on ordinal and multiple nominal outcomes can be calculated for more than two raters

© 2017 Elsevier Inc. Objective: The concept of specific agreement (SA) has been proposed for dichotomous outcomes for two or more raters. We aim to extend this concept for variables with more than two ordinal or nominal categories and more than two …

Anger and aggression problems in veterans are associated with an increased acoustic startle reflex

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. Anger and aggression are frequent problems in deployed military personnel. A lowered threshold of perceiving and responding to threat can trigger impulsive aggression. This can be indicated by an exaggerated startle response. …